Design two alternative interventions for the behavioral problem of “Vaping among teenagers”. The instruction for the assignment is on page 1. And the behavioral problem is on page 2.

Requirements: 1500   |   .doc file

Hello, please just follow the instructions on the pdf. And the behavioral problem is attached on the second page of the pdf. Thanks

The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has become a prominent topic of medical conversations nationwide. Over the past decade, there has been a notable surge in e-cigarette
usage among teenagers. In fact, approximately 2.55 million middle and high school students in the U.S. reported using e-cigarettes in 2022, including 14.1% of high school students and 3.3% of middle school students (Cooper et al., 2022). Consequently, teenagers’ well-being is at risk as e-cigarettes could lead to deleterious health effects, such as cardiac and respiratory problems, secondhand aerosol exposure, and adverse effects on brain development and nicotine addiction (Center for Disease Control (CDC), 2023). Starting in 2017, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has launched a multi-year Youth Tobacco Prevention Plan aimed at preventing youth access to and use of tobacco products, especially e-cigarettes. One motivational diagnosis for teenagers’ exaggerated use of e-cigarettes could be driven by the desire to fit in or be accepted by their peer group. If vaping is perceived as “cool” or as a norm within peer groups, it might become a motivational pull for individuals to engage in vaping to fit in. A cognitive diagnosis could be caused by teenagers’ misunderstandings regarding the safety of e-cigarettes.
Many young people believe that e-cigarettes are safer than traditional cigarettes. This perception often leads many to try or continue using e-cigarettes because they believe that they are “harmless” or at least “less harmful” than smoking (Liu et al., 2020). A