Insufficient sleep and its effects to scholars. Write a APA style paper (2.5 pages) using  peer reviewed articles and scholarly journals on the lack of sleep of college students and how it affects students academically. My topic is “Does lack of sleep really affect college students academically?” So you should find 2 scholarly sources that’s related to this research question(no earlier than 2005) , read the papers, and write a summary of methods, findings, and how it applied/connects to something you have observed in the real-world. Additionally, you should use the OWL or APA Publication Manual for additional reference during this assignment.

How to Organize the Paper

• Title page (Use APA 7th edition format)
• Paragraph 1: Introduction. Introduce your topic and research question (what it is, what made you curious about it, why it’s worth studying)
• Paragraph 2: Article 1. Summarize the (a) research question, (b)methods (type of study/design, participants, briefly what they did)and (c) main findings.
• Paragraph 3: Article 2. Summarize the (a) research question, (b)methods (type of study/design, participants, briefly what they did)and (c) main findings.
• Paragraph 4: Conclusion. Conclude by detailing HOW each of the articles answers your research question and how it applied/connects to what you have observed in the real-world. Did you find what you expected? Did anything surprise you? What did you learn from this?
• Reference page (on a new page, in APA-style)

Expert view:

Researchers found that every lost hour of average nightly sleep at the start of an academic term was associated with a 0.07-point drop in a student’s end-of-term GPA. When a student slept less than six hours a night, the effect of lost sleep on a student’s grades was even more pronounced, said David Creswell, the lead author of the study and a professor in psychology and neuroscience at Carnegie Mellon University.

“You’re accumulating this sleep debt,” Creswell said. “And that has a pretty negative role in terms of people’s academics.”

Sleep, especially undisturbed sleep, helps the brain process and retain information it has learned. And when someone is sleep-deprived, attention span and memory also are impaired.

But students have a number of “competing pressures” to stay up late in college, especially in their freshman year, which is often the first time students are living away from home, Creswell said. The average student in the study fell asleep about 2:30 a.m. Barely any of the students went to bed before midnight. And, on average, they slept 6½ hours a night.

Just one hour of extra sleep each night can lead to better eating habits

Sleep recommendations vary

Sleep recommendations shift by age, and the amount of sleep an individual actually needs can vary person to person. In general, for teenagers, the recommendation is eight to 10 hours of sleep. For those 18 to 25 years old, it drops to seven to nine hours.

Creswell said he doesn’t want to “lecture” students about the findings but, according to the research, it appears that getting enough shut-eye does boost a student’s GPA.

“A lot of students say, ‘I should just stay up a lot later and study a lot longer,’ ” Creswell said. “Well, what we’re showing here is that sleep may be your friend, in terms of helping consolidate this information.”

Creswell and the team of researchers conducted five studies, recruiting college freshmen taking courses in a range of majors at Carnegie Mellon, the University of Notre Dame and the University of Washington. To monitor sleep, the students wore either a Fitbit Flex or a Fitbit HR for the entire academic term, a spring semester or a winter quarter, depending on the school, Creswell said.

Creswell said they avoided studying students’ sleep habits around final exams and term papers because they assumed that the average student’s sleep would just continue to drop off.

After controlling for other factors — such as whether a student takes naps, their number of class credits and their GPA the previous term — the researchers found that average nightly sleep continued to predict a student’s end-of-term GPA. What time a student went to bed and whether their bedtime varied day to day did not seem to play a role, Creswell said.

A similar study of 100 engineering students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology published in 2019 found the same association between a student’s grades and the amount of sleep they were getting. That study also showed it was tough to make up for bad sleep habits. There was no improvement in scores among students who made sure to get a good night’s sleep right before a big test. For further research analysis, talk to our expert.